Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya , an Indian engineer, Scholar, Statesman and The Diwan of Mysore.
The Bharat Ratna honour, Indian Republic’s highest honour.
Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE) by King George V.
Every year, on his birthday, 15 September is celebrated as Engineer’s Day in India in his memory.
We are the part of the India nation, the Indian Family, a place where the great souls like Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya were born and made our nation a “Power”.
We all must feel proud to be the children’s of such great souls. The bodies may not live forever but the teachings, the memories of those great personalities are immortal, and they live forever in the nature, in the universe. Sir MV is a part of our spirits, his teachings, his memories will always live in our hearts, and will inspire us to Built the Nation of Innovation and Technology with Peace and Prosperity.
Sharing with you all, some moments from his life, I hope you will be benefited with this:
- Born on 15 September 1861, family to Mokshagundam Srinivasa Shastry and Venkatalakshmamma in Muddenahalli village, Chickkaballapur District, Bangalore, Mysore State, India.
- Lost his father at the age of 12.
- Primary school in Chikballapur and High school in Bangalore.
- Bachelor of Arts from Central College, Bangalore then affiliate of the University of Madras in 1881
- Civil engineering at The Prestigious College of Engineering, Pune
- 1885: Assistant Engineer in Bombay in served in Nasik, Khandesh and Poona
- 1894: Designed and carried out the water works of that Municipality
- 1896: Executive Engineer, Surat
- 1897–99: Assistant Superintending Engineer, Poona
- 1899: Executive Engineer for Irrigation, Poona
- 1901: Sanitary Engineer, Bombay, and Member, Sanitary Board
- 1905: Designed and constructed automatic gates patented by him at Lake Fife Storage Reservoir; introduced a new system of irrigation known as the “Block System”
- 1907: Superintending Engineer, visited Egypt, Canada. United States of America and Russia
- 1909: Services lent as Special Consulting Engineer, Hyderabad, to supervise and carry out engineering works in connection with the Musi floods
- 1909: Retired from British service
- 1909: Chief Engineer and Secretary to the Government of Mysore
- 1913: Dewan of Mysore, P. W. and Railway Department
- 1927–1955: Board of director of Tata Steel.
- Implemented an extremely intricate system of irrigation in the Deccan area.
- Designed and patented a system of automatic weir water floodgates that were first installed in 1903 at the Khadakvasla Reservoir near Pune, later installed in many big dams of India.
- Designed a flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad.
- Supervised the construction of the KRS Dam across the Kaveri River from concept to inauguration. This dam created the biggest reservoir in Asia when it was built.
- Responsible for the founding of the Mysore Soap Factory, the Parasitoide Laboratory, the Mysore Iron & Steel Works (now known as Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited) in Bhadravathi, the Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Institute, The Bangalore Agricultural University, the State Bank of Mysore, The Century Club, Mysore Chambers of Commerce, University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, Bangalore and numerous other industrial ventures.
AWARDS & HONOURS:
The Knight Commander of The Indian Empire medal
The Bharat Ratna medal
- Appointed as Diwan (second Minister) of the princely state of Mysore in 1912.
- Founding of the Government Engineering College (Later University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering) at Bangalore in 1917, one of the first engineering institutes in India.
- Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) in 1911 by British Government.
- Knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (KCIE) by the British for his myriad contributions to the public good.
- Awarded with the nation’s highest honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955.
- Awarded honorary Membership of London Institution of Civil Engineers.
- Awarded several honorary doctoral degrees including Doctor of Science, Doctor of Laws, Doctor of Letters from eight universities in India.
- President of the 1923 Session of the Indian Science Congress.
- The Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum, a museum in Bangalore is named in his honour.
- The Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya National Memorial Trust manages a memorial of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya at his birthplace Muddenahalli. The memorial exhibits his awards, titles and personal belongings, including his living room, spectacles, cups, books and a block with which his visiting cards were printed and Models of the Krishna Raja Sagar dam.